Healthy LifestyleNutrition and Dietetics

Reflux (Digestive Problems)

Reflux is a condition that manifests itself when stomach acid escapes into the oesophagus. The main causes of reflux are eating large portions of fast food, going to bed after a meal, and consumption of fried, fatty foods. As the oesophagus becomes more sensitive with the damage of stomach acid to the oesophagus, the factors causing reflux will increase. After reflux begins to appear, other foods such as spicy foods, coffee, carbonated drinks, chocolate, pickles, onions and garlic may also be factors that trigger reflux.

If a person has reflux, diet and lifestyle changes should be recommended first. In these changes, first of all, there is the reduction of portions, eating slowly and chewing food. After eating, one should not lie down for at least 3 hours, and tight clothing that will press on the stomach should not be worn.

Reflux triggering fatty foods, spices, tea-coffee, alcohol, cigarettes, chocolate, onions, garlic, pickles should not be consumed. In addition, since obesity will increase intra-abdominal pressure, press on the stomach and exacerbate reflux, if the person is overweight, he should definitely go on a diet. If there is no improvement in reflux with these lifestyle changes, drug therapy may be considered as a second option.

Although reflux and gastritis are often confused with each other, they are actually different disorders. Gastritis is the deterioration and inflammation of the stomach wall as a result of the decrease in the layer that protects the stomach from acid and the increase in stomach acid. It is usually caused by the drugs used. It can cause a burning sensation similar to reflux. Both reflux and gastritis can be observed in one person at the same time, and in this case, dietary and lifestyle changes should be made.

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